June 2005, V4#6: Production Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

To test the grain of paper use one of the following:

  1. Moisten two right-angle edges of a sheet, and press between fingers.  As the sheet dries, the edge across the grain will be wavy, the edge with the grain will be straight.

  2. Tear the sheet in two directions.  It tears straighter and cleaner with the grain.

  3. Fold the sheet in two directions.  It folds easier and smoother with the grain.

End-use need, design considerations, print quality and budgetary needs should go into deciding what paper to use.

This section is drawn from information online at http://www.gregathcompany.com/archival.html


June 2005, V4#6: Design Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

Sometimes, the choice of index format is governed by economics of a printed book.  We suggest that an index format is used that the author would like to see in a reference book.  Regardless of one’s ultimate choice of index format, it is sometimes tempting to disregard – even a completed index – to save the cost of printing the extra pages.  With the strong growth of personal computers in the home, a suggestion is placing that 50 pages (not uncommon for a large book) of index on CD to include in all book sales.  Offer a print out upon request for a print out fee – this can be staple bound, 3-hole punched, etc.

This section is drawn from information online at http://www.gregathcompany.com/indexing.html

June 2005, V4#6: Define Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

Against the Grain: Folding, scoring, binding, or printing at right angles to the alignment of the fibers of the paper.

May 2005, V4#5: Marketing Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

At workshops, frequently we wear our surnames, be they as a list on our name tag, on our note taking material, or on our clothing.  Consider having a shirt made promoting your book(s) and wearing it to family, genealogy and research repositories and/or gatherings.

May 2005, V4#5: Production Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

Paper Grain Direction:  All papers have a grain direction.  When the grain runs along the longest dimension of the sheet, the paper is “long grain”.  Grain is seldom a factor in offset printing, however it is a major consideration in binding.  Binderies prefer long grain since paper offers the least resistance in the same direction as most fibers in a sheet.  Also, pages in books tend to lie flat better when they are made with, rather than against the grain.  For saddle stitched books, a stronger book is produced with long grain, due to the fold being across the grain, but it doesn’t lay as flat.  Short grain paper is has difficulty maintaining dimensional stability and may result in more book problems such as wrinkled pages, etc.

May 2005, V4#5: Design Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

Too many choices to decide?  Consider choosing a color (scheme) that matches a favorite color, allow the publisher to select something, or take the color (scheme) from family crest or tartan.

This section is drawn from information online at http://www.gregathcompany.com/bindings.html

May 2005, V4#5: Define Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

Paper Grain: The direction fibers within paper generally lie, corresponding to the direction of their flow on the papermaking machine.

April 2005, V4#4: Marketing Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

You have paid for acid free paper and your books is “built to last” – don’t forget to include this in your list of positive selling points, when possible.  After all, the beautiful book you have produced cost you (and, by extension the customer) more than if it was on newsprint paper!  One place you always have a chance to mention this is in a press release.  You may choose other selling points for space use in paid advertisements and networking time and space.

April 2005, V4#4: Production Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

Most of the work Gregath Publishing Company does in-house is offset printed.  We offset print on uncoated papers.  Uncoated papers have been traditionally classified by weight.  Interest has begun to increase also as to the brightness as well as archival nature.  As publishers, we have selected as our basis paper one that balances all of these issues while taking into account economy as well.  If a customer has a list of specifics, or even a particular brand/type of paper, we are happy to get paper mill quotes and pass the information on. 

Gregath’s standard book paper is a #50/60 uncoated white paper, acid free with a brightness of 84% – long grain.

This section is drawn from information online at http://www.gregathcompany.com/paper.html

April 2005, V4#4: Design Wednesday, Jan 28 2009 

Almost every aspect of a normal book’s life can and may adversely affect the acidity of it.  The key is to recognize this.  Once this concept is understood, a book can get a good start in life by being acid neutral and there are several things that may be done easily to prolong the life of the book – from decades to generations.

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