In a MS Word file, how do I tell where in the document my cursor is at?

In Microsoft word, look in the lower left – in the gray areas above the “start” button.

Right above the “start” button it shows you what page your cursor is on.
Moving right, it shows what section you are in. If all goes right, you should always be in section 1.
The third notation (working left to right) on that line shows you again what page your cursor is on, then a forward slash and the number of pages in the file. You should see a dotted line 4 text lines from the bottom of the screen (above the red line). This demarks the page break in this type of page view.